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Largest Cities
City Population Estimated
Lima 7,603,500 2002
Arequipa 733,900 2002
Trujillo 600,900 2002

Key Data
Region: South America
Population: 26,657,300 October 2002
Area Total: 1,285,220 km2
Area Land: 1,280,000 km2
Coast Line: 2,414 km km
Capital: Lima
Climate: Varies from tropical in east to dry desert in west
Languages: Spanish (official)
Quechua (official)
Currency: 1 nuevos sol (S/.$) = 100 centimos
Holiday: Independence Day, 28 July (1821)

Average Daily Temperature
Capital: Lima
January: 21.4C / 70.5F
July: 15.3C / 59.5F
Annual Rainfall: 25.1mm / 1.0''

Brazil: 1,560km
Colombia: 1,496km
Ecuador: 1,420km
Bolivia: 900km
Chile: 160km


 Peru Map



Ethnic Divisions
Indigenous 45%
Mestizo 37%
European 15%
Black, Japanese, Chinese and other 3%

Roman Catholic 100%