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Largest Cities
City Population Estimated
Moskva 8,376,000 2002
Saint Petersburg 4,619,800 2002
Novosibirsk 1,396,800 2002

Key Data
Region: Asia/Europe
Population: 142,881,200 October 2002
Area Total: 17,075,200 km2
Area Land: 16,995,800 km2
Coast Line: 37,653 km km
Capital: Moscow
Climate: Ranges from steppes in the south through humid continental in much of European Russia; subarctic in Siberia to tundra climate in the polar north; winters vary from cool along Black Sea coast to frigid in Siberia; summers vary from warm in the Steppes to cool along Arctic coast.
Languages: Russian
Currency: 1 ruble (R$) = 100 kopeks
Holiday: Independence Day, 12 June (1990)

Average Daily Temperature
Capital: Moscow
January: -9.4C / 18.3F
July: 16C / 61F
Annual Rainfall: 630mm / 24.8''
Kazakhstan: 6,846km
China: 3,645km
Mongolia: 3,341km
Ukraine: 1,576km
Finland: 1,313km
Belarus: 959km
Georgia: 723km
Estonia: 290km
Azerbaijan: 284km
Lithuania: 227km
Latvia: 217km
Poland: 206km
Norway: 167km
Korea, North: 19km

Ethnic Divisions
Russian 82%
other 7%
Tatar 4%
Ukrainian 3%
Chuvash 1%
Bashkir 1%
Moldavian 1%
Byelorussian 1%