Area: 50,961 square miles (smaller than Alabama). Population: 10,583,000 (Athens, 3,093,000; Thessaloniki, 706,000).
Here gods still stride the heights of Olympus and Parnassus, and Homer's heroes still sail wine-dark seas to island adventures. In Athens, preparations are under way for the return of the Olympics in 2004.
is the wellspring of Western civilization, with such ancient glories as
the Parthenon and the Theater of Dionysus, where works of
Euripides were first performed. The ancient Odeon of Herod Atticus is
the showplace each summer of the Athens Festival. The center of modern
Athens is Syntagma (Constitution) Square.
the port of Athens, is the embarkation point for the Greek islands and
other Mediterranean destinations.
the second-largest city, has the White Tower, the green-domed Aghia
Sophia church (8th century) and an exceptional new Byzantine museum. The
Archaeological Museum displays riches of Macedonian kings drawn from
excavations at nearby Pella, Vergina and the sacred city of Dion.